Patricia Blum

Patricia Blum

Senior Biologist

Patricia joined the Mote Marine Laboratory as a Lab Technician in the Benthic Ecology Program in 1981. Between the years of 1984-1995, she worked in the Marine Biomedical Program assisting Dr. Luer and Dr. Walsh with their research. In 1996, Patricia joined the Ecotoxicolgy Program as the Extraction Lab Manager responsible for the sample extractions, QA/QC, and running the LC/MS(MS) used primarily for the analysis of red tide toxins and mosquito pesticides.


A.A. Information Sciences and Systems, Manatee Community College


Gravinese Philip M., Munley Mary Kate, Kahmann Grace, Cole Cody, Lovko Vincent, Blum Patricia, Pierce Richard. 2020. The effects of prolonged exposure to hypoxia and Florida red tide (Karenia brevis) on the survival and activity of stone crabs. Harmful Algae 98:1-8.

Gravinese Philip M., Saso Emma, Lovko Vincent J., Blum Patricia, Cole Cody, Pierce Richard H. 2019. Karenia brevis causes high mortality and impaired swimming behavior of Florida stone crab larvae. Harmful Algae 84:188-194.

Gravinese Philip M., Kronstadt Stephanie M., Clemente Talib, Cole Cody, Blum Patricia, Henry Michael S., Pierce Richard H., Lovko Vincent J. 2018. The effects of red tide (Karenia brevis) on reflex impairment and mortality of sublegal Florida stone crabs, Menippe mercenaria. Marine Environmental Research 137:145-148.

Perrault Justin R., Bauman Katherine D., Greenan Taylor M., Blum Patricia C., Henry Michael R., Walsh Catherine J. 2016. Maternal transfer and sublethal immune system effects of brevetoxin exposure in nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) from western Florida. Aquatic Toxicology 180:131-140

Kirkpatrick B, R Pierce, YS Chang, M Henry, P Blum, S Osborn, K Neirenberg, BA Pederson, LE Flemming, A Reich, J Naar, G Kirkpatrick, LC Baker, D Baden. 2010. Inland transport of aerosolized Florida red tide toxins. Harmful Algae 9:186-189.

Walsh CJ, SR Leggett, MS Henry, PC Blum, S Osborn, RH Pierce. 2009. Cellular metabolism of brevetoxin (PbTx-2) by a monocyte cell line (U-937). Toxicon 53(1):135-145.

Plakas SM, ELE Jester, KR El Said, HR Granade, A Abraham, RW Dickey, PS Scott, LJ Flewelling, M Henry, P Blum, R Pierce. 2008. Monitoring of brevetoxins in the Karenia brevis bloom-exposed Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Toxicon 2(1):32-38.

Pierce R, M Henry, P Blum. 2008. Brevetoxin abundance and composition during ECOHAB-Florida field monitoring cruises in the Gulf of Mexico. Continental Shelf Research 28(1):45-58.

Abraham A, SM Plakas, Z Wang, ELE Jester, KR El Said, HR Granade, MS Henry, PC Blum, RH Pierce, RW Dickey. 2006. Characterization of polar brevetoxin derivatives isolated from Karenia brevis cultures and natural blooms. Toxicon 48:104-115.

Pierce RH, MS Henry, PC Blum, SL Hamel, B Kirkpatrick, YS Cheng, Y Zhou, CM Irvin, J Naar, A Weidner, LE Fleming, LC Backer, DG Baden. 2005. Brevetoxin composition in water and marine aerosol along a Florida beach: Assessing potential human exposure to marine biotoxins. Harmful Algae 4(6):965-972.

Pierce RH, MS Henry, CJ Higham, P Blum, MR Sengco, DM Anderson. 2003. Removal of harmful algal cells (Karenia brevis) and toxins from seawater culture by clay flocculation. Harmful Algae 3:141-148.

Pierce RH, MS Henry, PC Blum, J Lyons, YS Cheng, D Yazzie, Y Zhou. 2003. Brevetoxin concentrations in marine aerosol: Human exposure levels during a Karenia brevis harmful algal bloom. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 70:161-165.

Goldstein L, EM Davisamaral, PC Blum, CA Luer. 1995. The role of anion channels in osmotically activated taurine release from embryonic skate (Raja eglanteria) heart. Journal of Experimental Biology 198:2635-2637.

Goldstein L, CA Luer, PC Blum. 1993. Taurine transport characteristics of the embryonic skate (Raja eglanteria) heart. Journal of Experimental Biology 182:291-295.

Goldstein L, CA Luer, PC Blum. 1990. Taurine accumulation by the hearts of embryonic skates, Raja eglanteria. Journal of Experimental Biology 150:449-452.

Luer CA, PC Blum, PW Gilbert. 1990. Rates of tooth replacement in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. Copeia (1) 182-191.