Postdoctoral Research

Dr. Philip Gravinese

Dr. Philip Gravinese

Postdoctoral Fellow

Philip joined the Mote team in February 2017. His research interests focus primarily on determining how anthropogenic stressors, like ocean acidification and elevated seawater temperatures will impact the reproductive biology, development, and behavior of one of Florida’s most lucrative fisheries, the Florida stone crab. During his Master’s research he raised larval stone crabs from hatching in order to perform experiments that were designed to characterize how stone crab larvae control their vertical swimming in response to endogenous and exogenous cues (light, pressure and gravity).

Phil’s other research interests include determining the mechanisms that underlie the recruitment and settlement behavior of larval crabs by assessing the role different environmental and chemical cues play during habitat selection and metamorphosis. One of the greatest challenges for the management of crustacean fisheries is the inability to adequately correlate the success rate of larvae recruiting to the fishery with fine-scale environmental changes.

Phil’s research has the potential to address this critical knowledge-gap by enhancing the functional understanding of trends that modulate successful recruitment into the fishery. A more comprehensive understanding of how post-larvae and juveniles respond to combined environmental stressors will provide additional tools for managers to use in their interpretation of crustacean fishery data. The results from this work can be incorporated into predictive models designed to estimate population sizes as anthropogenic disturbances continue to drive environmental changes into the future.

Phil also brings 10+ years of teaching experience to Mote. He spent five years teaching in Florida’s public schools and as an adjunct professor for Eastern Florida State College before returning to pursue his Ph.D. in 2011. During his Ph.D., he participated in an NSF Fellowship that partnered graduate students with educators to integrate parts of his dissertation research into thematic lessons for K-12 students. He still teaches as an adjunct for St. Petersburg College.

Phil’s passion for outreach stems from his extensive teaching background. Throughout his Ph.D. he attempted to bridge the communication gap between the scientific community and the general public by incorporating the underlying concepts of his research into educational lessons. In 2012, he co-founded an international marine-science film-making competition for K–12 students called Youth Making Ripples. The Youth Making Ripples program challenges the next generation of ocean enthusiasts to promote marine conservation messages using film and 21st century technology. Since its inception, the Youth Making Ripples Film Festival has received 400 submissions from over 1200 elementary, middle, and high school students from around the world.


B.S., Marine Biology Florida Institute of Technology 2003 

M.S. Marine Biology, Florida Institute of Technology 2007 

Ph.D. Biology, Florida Institute of Technology 2016


Gravinese, P.M., 2018. Ocean acidification impacts the embryonic development and hatching success of the Florida stone crab, Menippe mercenaria. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 500: 140-146.

Gravinese, P.M., Flannery, J.A., and Toth, L.T. 2016. A methodology for quantifying trace elements in the exoskeletons of Florida stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) larvae using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP–OES). U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1148, 12p.

Staaterman E.R., A.A. Bhandiwad, P.M. Gravinese, P.M. Moeller, Z.C. Reichenbach, A.A. Shantz, D.S. Shiffman, L.T Toth., A.M. Warneke, A.J. Gallagher. 2014. Lights, camera, science: The utility and growing popularity of film festivals at scientific meetings. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution: 7:11-16. 

C.L. Boleman, P.M. Gravinese, E. Muse, A. Marston, and J.W. Windsor. 2013. Oceanography. Corals on Acid: Inquiry-based activity bringing students to a better understanding in ocean acidification impacts. 26(4): 164-169.

Krimsky, L., P.M. Gravinese, C. Epifanio, and R.A. Tankersley. 2009. The timing of larval release from different tidal regimes in the Florida Stone crab, Menippe mercenaria. Journal Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 373(2). 96–101.